1632: Galileo and the Inquisition

Cristiano Banti (1857): Galileo facing the Roman Inquisition (Public Domain)


In 1632, the astronomer Galileo Galilei is arrested by the Roman Inquisition. His recent book Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems promotes the heliocentric worldview and depicts the Pope as a doofus. The inquisitors force Galileo to recant and live out the rest of his life in house arrest. When told to recant his theory of the moving Earth, he allegedly gives the laconic remark:

“And yet it moves.”
– Galileo