In 1775, a growing tension over political rights and taxation prompts Britain’s American colonies to rebel. Next year, the colonies declare their independence. The war ends in 1783 when the British sign the Treaty of Paris, formally recognising the sovereignty of the United States.
“If the freedom of speech is taken away then dumb and silent we may be led, like sheep to the slaughter.”
– George Washington to a group of military officers, 1783